Enough Is Enough: Fraud-ridden Banks Are Not L.A.’s Only Option

“Epic in scale, unprecedented in world history. That is how William K. Black, professor of law and economics and former bank fraud investigator, describes the frauds in which JPMorgan Chase (JPM) has now been implicated. They involve more than a dozen felonies, including bid-rigging on municipal bond debt; colluding to rig interest rates on hundreds of trillions of dollars in mortgages, derivatives and other contracts; exposing investors to excessive risk; failing to disclose known risks, including those in the Bernie Madoff scandal; and engaging in multiple forms of mortgage fraud.

So why, asks Chicago Alderwoman Leslie Hairston, are we still doing business with them? She plans to introduce a city council ordinance deleting JPM from the city’s list of designated municipal depositories. As quoted in the January 14th Chicago Sun-Times:

The bank has violated the city code by making admissions of dishonesty and deceit in the way they dealt with their investors in the mortgage securities and Bernie Madoff Ponzi scandals. . . . We use this code against city contractors and all the small companies, why wouldn’t we use this against one of the largest banks in the world?

A similar move has been recommended for the City of Los Angeles by L.A. City Councilman Gil Cedillo. But in a January 19th editorial titled “There’s No Profit in L A. Bashing JPMorgan Chase,” the L.A. Times editorial board warned against pulling the city’s money out of JPM and other mega-banks – even though the city attorney is suing them for allegedly causing an epidemic of foreclosures in minority neighborhoods.

 “L.A. relies on these banks,” says The Times, “for long-term financing to build bridges and restore lakes, and for short-term financing to pay the bills.” The editorial noted that a similar proposal brought in the fall of 2011 by then-Councilman Richard Alarcon, backed by Occupy L.A., was abandoned because it would have resulted in termination fees and higher interest payments by the city.

It seems we must bow to our oppressors because we have no viable alternative – or do we? What if there is an alternative that would not only save the city money but would be a safer place to deposit its funds than in Wall Street banks?

The Tiny State That Broke Free

There is a place where they don’t bow. Where they don’t park their assets on Wall Street and play the mega-bank game, and haven’t for almost 100 years. Where they escaped the 2008 banking crisis and have no government debt, the lowest foreclosure rate in the country, the lowest default rate on credit card debt, and the lowest unemployment rate. They also have the only publicly-owned bank.

The place is North Dakota, and their state-owned Bank of North Dakota (BND) is a model for Los Angeles and other cities, counties, and states.

Like the BND, a public bank of the City of Los Angeles would not be a commercial bank and would not compete with commercial banks. In fact, it would partner with them – using its tax revenue deposits to create credit for lending programs through the magical everyday banking practice of leveraging capital.

The BND is a major money-maker for North Dakota, returning about $30 million annually in dividends to the treasury – not bad for a state with a population that is less than one-fifth that of the City of Los Angeles. Every year since the 2008 banking crisis, the BND has reported a return on investment of 17-26%.

Like the BND, a Bank of the City of Los Angeles would provide credit for city projects – to build bridges, restore lakes, and pay bills – and this credit would essentially be interest-free, since the city would own the bank and get the interest back. Eliminating interest has been shown to reduce the cost of public projects by 35% or more.

Awesome Possibilities

 Consider what that could mean for Los Angeles. According to the current fiscal budget, the LAX Modernization project is budgeted at $4.11 billion. That’s the sticker price. But what will it cost when you add interest on revenue bonds and other funding sources? The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge earthquake retrofit boondoggle was slated to cost about $6 billion. Interest and bank fees added another $6 billion. Funding through a public bank could have saved taxpayers $6 billion, or 50%.

If Los Angeles owned its own bank, it could also avoid costly “rainy day funds,” which are held by various agencies as surplus taxes. If the city had a low-cost credit line with its own bank, these funds could be released into the general fund, generating massive amounts of new revenue for the city.

The potential for the City and County of Los Angeles can be seen by examining their respective Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports (CAFRs). According to the latest CAFRs (2012), the City of Los Angeles has “cash, pooled and other investments” of $11 billion beyond what is in its pension fund (page 85), and the County of Los Angeles has $22 billion (page 66). To put these sums in perspective, the austerity crisis declared by the State of California in 2012 was the result of a declared state budget deficit of only $16 billion.

The L.A. CAFR funds are currently drawing only minimal interest. With some modest changes in regulations, they could be returned to the general fund for use in the city’s budget, or deposited or invested in the city’s own bank, to be leveraged into credit for local purposes.

Minimizing Risk

 Beyond being a money-maker, a city-owned bank can minimize the risks of interest rate manipulation, excessive fees, and dishonest dealings.

Another risk that must now be added to the list is that of confiscation in the event of a “bail in.” Public funds are secured with collateral, but they take a back seat in bankruptcy to the “super priority” of Wall Street’s own derivative claims. A major derivatives fiasco of the sort seen in 2008 could wipe out even a mega-bank’s available collateral, leaving the city with empty coffers.

The city itself could be propelled into bankruptcy by speculative derivatives dealings with Wall Street banks. The dire results can be seen in Detroit, where the emergency manager, operating on behalf of the city’s creditors, put it into bankruptcy to force payment on its debts. First in line were UBS and Bank of America, claiming speculative winnings on their interest-rate swaps, which the emergency manager paid immediately before filing for bankruptcy. Critics say the swaps were improperly entered into and were what propelled the city into bankruptcy. Their propriety is now being investigated by the bankruptcy judge.

Not Too Big to Abandon

Mega-banks might be too big to fail. According to U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, they might even be too big to prosecute. But they are not too big to abandon as depositories for government funds.

There may indeed be no profit in bashing JPMorgan Chase, but there would be profit in pulling deposits out and putting them in Los Angeles’ own public bank. Other major cities currently exploring that possibility include San Franciscoand Philadelphia.

If North Dakota can bypass Wall Street with its own bank and declare its financial independence, so can the City of Los Angeles. And so can the County. And so can the State of California.


Ellen Brown is an attorney, chairman of the Public Banking Institute, and author of 12 books including The Public Bank Solution. She is currently running for California state treasurer on the Green Party ticket.

21 Responses

  1. I don’t seem to be able to convince the San Francisco Green Party council to move our bank account out of Chase. Any ideas?

    Sandra “Ignore your rights & they’ll go away.”

    Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2014 20:00:53 +0000 To: revdecker@msn.com

  2. I don’t seem to be able to convince our San Francisco Green Party County Council to get our bank account OUT of Chase bank. Any ideas?

  3. I guess by now we all know that a Bank, owned by the State like the Bank of North Dakota is the way to go in the future, for American states and cities.
    What is really revealling though, is the way the LA Times came to the defense of the Big Banks (JPM in this case). It is so indicative of how America’s Main Stream Media are completely on-side with the big Corporations, against the American people.
    Just this week, the interview of Edward Snowden by Germany’s National TV Network has been blocked by the American Media so the American people cannot hear his point of view. It’s what America used to mock the Russians for, because they controlled what the people were told(or in this case, not told).
    It’s the same reason that any discussion about what really happened on 9/11, simply gets NO AIRTIME in the USA these days.
    I think the USA is in deep deep trouble.

  4. isn’t that the ultimate question… “It seems we must bow to our oppressors because we have no viable alternative – or do we?”

  5. Good Luck Ellen ! Love your stuff; we may get somewhere yet !

  6. Hello Ellen

    I have loked for but cannot find a ‘snail mail’ address so I can forward a DVD to you from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC).

    It is an interview with Paul Keating who was both Treasurer and Prime Minister.

    You more gain some insight in just how the Australian economy/psyche/political system operates.

    Voting in Australia is compulsory. You face an infringement if you do not make the effort to do your duty.

    It may have been interesting for you to have been here recently when we had a Federal Election and a change of government. The shenanigans preceding the Election you would have found ‘interesting’ because there were ructions in the (ruling) Labor Party. We all knew they had no chance of being successful in the Election but the permutations would demonstrate to you how Australian democracy works.

    Before the Election people were sent out to ‘educate’ (mainly Asian people)l on how to vote and why their vote is important. This was a completely new experience for them and I believe they will become better citizens.

    Anyway, I would like to send this DVD for your perusal and do hope it will contribute to your quest for a better USA.

    Lastly do you subscribe to the Land Value Taxation as proposed by Henry George in Progress and Poverty available from the Robert Schalenback in New York? The greatest problem within the theory of Henry George is one cannot be a ‘prophet in your own town’.

    Best wishes and kindest regards John Sheeran

  7. […] Ellen Brown “Epic in scale, unprecedented in world history.” That is how William K. Black, […]

  8. […] Ellen Brown – Enough Is Enough – Fraud-ridden Banks Are Not L.A.’s Only Option […]

  9. […] Ellen Brown Web of Debt […]

  10. Thanks, Ellen: http://www.laprogressive.com/los-angeles-public-bank/   Dick Price LA Progressive Hollywood Progressive

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  11. […] Ellen Brown Writer, Dandelion Salad The Web of Debt Blog January 29, […]

  12. […] Enough Is Enough: Fraud-ridden Banks Are Not L.A.’s Only Option […]

  13. Justaluckyfool (Comments by Justaluckyfool ( http://bit.ly/MlQWNs ..You are always welcome to share, copy, plagiarize, improve, etc..any comments.)
    One really foolish question,asked with hope of obtaining a profound responce.

    Why not purchase or establish a qualified Federal Reserve sanctioned bank.
    Do for the state what the bank is allowed to do for itself.
    Instead of raising revenue for the banks interest, turn that “interest income” over to the state treasury.
    End any sale tax, state income tax. Citizens paying interest instead of taxes.
    As Dr. Yunus said, “As with any new idea, challenge, improve, or endorse.”

  14. Sorry but the benefits – translator

    Madame Ellen Brown met with your opinion here – http://www.courtfool.info/bg_A_tale_of_two_monetary_systems.хтм

    What about the last statement of Larry Summers (former Treasury Secretary under Clinton ) to the International Monetary Fund
    negative interest in the idea of Silvio Gesell and legal experiment in Austria in 1932

    Rockefeller will remain owner of the Federal Reserve (and the oil business and MIC ) and Rothschild will be the owner of the international clearing house ….. We must say that the idea of creating an international clearing house was the basis of the Bretton Woods (proposed by Keynes ) and not in what has become thanks to the Federal Reserve .

  15. […] 30 January 2014 09:32 By Ellen Brown, Web of Debt Blog | […]

  16. […] This piece first appeared at Web of Debt.  […]

  17. …and the first thing financed with the new public money should be the merging of all State technical community colleges with High Schools into a single campus so that students on the lower scale can begin using their electives to train for skilled jobs and trades they will need to enter into earlier than salaried graduates so that their lifetime incomes are high enough to be able to retire one day.

    “First” comes education and jobs instead of tax cuts for the rich and trade agreements that benefit no one down the economic ladder.

  18. There’s no particular reason why that “we the people” can’t disallow collection of compound interest by private and for profit banks; after all, banks et al do business only by permission of the sovereign (that’s us, for God’s sake).

  19. […] Enough Is Enough: Fraud-ridden Banks Are Not L.A.’s Only Option […]

  20. […] This piece first appeared at Web of Debt. […]

    • As Charlie Sheen says, this article is “WNI!INGN”

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